Which Of The Following Has Resulted From The North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) Quizlet
“The USMCA will provide our workers, farmers, ranchers and businesses with a quality trade agreement that will result in freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in our region. It will strengthen the middle class and create good, well-paying jobs and new opportunities for the nearly half a billion people who call North America home. NAFTA was supplemented by two other regulations: the North American Environmental Cooperation Agreement (NAAEC) and the North American Agreement on Labour Cooperation (NAALC). These tangential agreements should prevent companies from moving to other countries in order to use lower wages, more moderate health and safety rules and more flexible environmental rules. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was implemented to promote trade between the United States, Canada and Mexico. The agreement, which removed most tariffs on trade between the three countries, came into force on 1 January 1994. Between 1 January 1994 and 1 January 2008, many tariffs – notably for agriculture, textiles and automobiles – were phased out. The legislation was developed under President George H. W. Bush as the first phase of his Enterprise for the Americas initiative. The Clinton administration, which signed NAFTA in 1993, believed it would create 200,000 U.S. jobs in two years and one million in five years, as exports would play an important role in U.S.
economic growth. The government expected a dramatic increase in U.S. imports from Mexico due to lower tariffs. The debate on the impact of NAFTA on its signatory countries continues. While the United States, Canada and Mexico have experienced economic growth, higher wages and stronger trade since nafta, experts disagree on the extent to which the agreement has actually contributed to these benefits, if at all, to manufacturing employment. , immigration and consumer goods prices. The results are difficult to isolate and other important developments have occurred on the continent and around the world over the past quarter century. On January 29, 2020, President Donald Trump signed the agreement between the United States, Mexico-Canada. Canada has not yet adopted it in its parliamentary body until January 2020. Mexico was the first country to ratify the agreement in 2019. On September 30, 2018, the United States and Canada agreed on an agreement to replace NAFTA, which will now be called the USMCA – the agreement between the United States and Mexico. In a joint press release from the U.S.
and Canadian trade bureaus, officials said that from the outset, critics of NAFTA were concerned that the agreement would result in the relocation of U.S. jobs to Mexico, despite the additional NAALC. NAFTA, for example, has affected thousands of U.S. auto workers in this way. Many companies have relocated their production to Mexico and other countries where labour costs are lower. However, NAFTA may not be the source of these measures. President Donald Trump`s USMCA should allay those concerns. The White House estimates that the USMCA will create 600,000 jobs and increase the economy by $235 billion. About a quarter of all U.S.
imports, such as crude oil, machinery, gold, vehicles, fresh produce, livestock and processed food products, come from Canada and Mexico, the second and third largest suppliers of imported products to the United States. In addition, about one-third of U.S. exports, including machinery, spare parts, mineral oils and plastics, go to Canada and Mexico.