The Paris Agreement on ending the war and restoring peace in Vietnam will enter into force with the signing of this document by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the United States of America and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, and with the signing of a document in the same manner by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the United States of America. , the government`s foreign minister. Republic of Vietnam, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Revolutionary Provisional Government of the Republic of Vietnam. The agreement and the following protocols are strictly implemented by all parties involved. The Paris peace accords effectively distanced the United States from the Vietnam conflict. However, the provisions of the agreement were regularly flouted by both the North Vietnamese government and the South Vietnamese government, which did not elicit a reaction from the United States and eventually led the Communists to expand the territory they controlled until the end of 1973. North Vietnamese forces gradually built their military infrastructure in the areas they controlled and, two years later, were able to launch a successful offensive that ended the status of an independent country in South Vietnam. Fighting began almost immediately after the signing of the agreement, due to a series of reciprocal reprisals, and the war resumed in March 1973. [3] This Protocol to the Paris Agreement on the Cessation of War and the Restoration of Peace in Vietnam comes into effect at the signing of the Secretary of State of the Government of the United States of America and the Secretary of State of the Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. It is strictly implemented by both parties. On May 8, 1972, President Nixon made a major concession to North Vietnam by announcing that the United States would accept a ceasefire as a precondition for its military withdrawal. In other words, the United States would withdraw its troops from southern Vietnam without North Vietnam doing the same.

The concession collapsed and allowed progress in the discussions in the coming months. [17] The expenses of the international commission are borne by the parties and members of the international commission in accordance with the provisions of this article: newly elected President Richard M. Nixon declared in 1969 that he would continue American participation in the Vietnam War in order to end the conflict and ensure “peace with honour” for the United States and its allies. South Vietnam. Unfortunately, the communist leaders of North Vietnam refused because they believed that the time was on their side, firm to negotiate seriously. Indeed, in March 1972, they tried to completely circumvent the negotiations with a total invasion of the South. The invasion, described by the United States as an Easter offensive, initially seemed to have been successful. But by the end of the summer, Nixon`s massive intervention by American air power blunted the offensive. That`s when the North Vietnamese started to negotiate seriously. In early October, representatives of the Americans and North Vietnamese met in Paris.

On 11 October, they had drawn up a peace agreement. Its main elements were: all parties would begin a ceasefire 24 hours after the signing of the agreement; U.S. forces and all foreign forces would withdraw from southern Vietnam no later than 60 days after the signing of the agreement; American prisoners would be released at the same time as the withdrawal of American and foreign troops; and a National Council of National Reconciliation and Concord would be created to organize and provide free and democratic elections to determine the political future of the South.