Ata Carnet Agreement
It may take up to two business days to process a book request if the application and deposit have been received until 16:00 ET. The temporary import provisions are an important instrument for companies wishing to show their products in foreign markets or for professionals who, for a limited period of time, bring trading instruments to a foreign country. Companies have several options when considering temporary importation: ATA notebooks, Temporary Bond Import (TIB) and Entry with Duty Drawback. In addition, there are provisions in free trade agreements that allow duty-free treatment for the temporary admission of certain products, such as professional equipment or business models. If the expired ATA notebook is a notebook issued in the United States, the United States does not impose penalties or tariffs. However, it may result in sanctions from a foreign government if the logbook has expired before U.S. goods are exported from that country. When the logbook is issued abroad, the liquidated damages are assessed by U.S. Customs and Border Guards (CBP) because the log expires before the goods can be exported from the United States. The ATA notebook consists of a front and a back, in which counter-sheets and coupons are available for each country to visit or transit.
The vouchers are used as receipts for entry and re-export abroad and are kept by foreign customs officers. The counter-sheets are stamped by the foreign customs authorities and act as the holder of the release book.  ATA notebooks are in A4 paper format. On the basis of this convention, this triptych scheme and, supposedly, according to the vision and initiative of Charles Aubert (director of the Geneva Chamber of Commerce and Industry and future first director of the Swiss Chambers of Commerce), the Customs Co-operation Council, in collaboration with the International League of Commercial Travellers and Agents and the Icc International Information Bureau of Chambers of Commerce , prepared the customs agreement on E.C.s. , which came into force on 3 October 1957.  The new agreement introduced the E.C.S. notebook, an optional replacement of the usual national documents for temporary importation, which replaced any bond or guarantee for suspended import duties and duties when such a guarantee was required by customs authorities in a particular case. The initials E.C.S. represent the combined English and French words: Commercial Samples – Commercial Samples.
The first countries to sign the agreement were West Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and Turkey, as well as the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.  The Customs Cooperation Council informed the GATT Executive Secretary that “the satisfactory results achieved through the use of E.C.S. have been achieved. Temporary import logs of commercial samples (in 1960, 15,600 ECS notebooks were distributed for a total value of $16,320,000) prompted the international trading community to propose to extend the facilities offered by the CES Carnet agreement to the widest scope.”  This idea was supported by the International Chamber of Commerce.  A system similar to that of the ATA notebook called the China-Taiwan Customs Passage Book (CPD China-Taiwan) operates on the basis of bilateral agreements between Taiwan (under the name Chinese Taipei) and a number of ATA countries, including EU Member States, Australia, Canada, India, Israel, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, , Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland and the United States of America.